网上有没有赌钱的网站_高中英语主谓一致用法全汇总,仅此一份,速速收!

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网上有没有赌钱的网站_高中英语主谓一致用法全汇总,仅此一份,速速收!

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主谓一致

主语为单数形式,谓语动词用单数形式;主语为复数形式,谓语动词也用复数形式。例如:

jane and mary look healthy and strong.

the number of mistakes was surprising.

解释:主语是 the number ,谓语是 was对于数字而言,它是单数,所以用了was;

反思:the number of通常跟 a number of 来对比,a number of 是大量的的意思;后面通常是可数名词的复数,所以谓语也跟着用复数形式,比如 a number of people are rushing to the toilet.

1.主语形式虽为单数,但意义为复数,谓语动词用复数。例如:

the crowd were running for their lives.

单数形式表示复数意义的词有people,police,cattle,militia等。

2.主语形式为复数而意义上却是单数,谓语动词用单数。 例如:

the news was very exciting.

形复意单的单词有news,works(工厂)和一些以ics结尾的学科名称,如physics,politics,mathematics等。

即谓语动词的单、复数形式取决于最靠近它的词语。如用连词or,either…or,neither...nor,not only…but also等连接的并列主语,如果一个是单数,一个是复数,谓语动词与靠近它的主语一致。例如:

either your students or mr. wang knows this.

1.名词作主语

1)某些集体名词(如family,team等)作主语时,如果作为一个整体看待,谓语动词用单数形式;如果就其中一个个成员而言,谓语动词用复数形式。例如:

the whole family are watching tv.

his family is going to have a long journey.

这类名词有:audience,class,club,committee,company, crew,crowd,enemy,government,group,party,public,team,etc.

名词population一词的使用情况跟上述类似。例如::

the population in china is very large,and eighty percent of the population in china are farmers.

“a group(crowd) of+复数名词”等短语之后的谓语动词也同样可用单数或复数,前者强调整体,后者强调各个部分。

2)某些集体名词(如people,police,cattle,militia等)只当复数看待,谓语动词必须用复数。例如:

the police are searching for him.

3)单、复数同形的名词作主语时,谓语动词应根据意义决定单、复数。例如:

a sheep is over there.

some sheep are over there.

4)名词所有格之后的名词被省略的情况一般只指商店、工场、住宅等,作主语时,动词一般用单数。例如:

my uncle's is not far from here.

the doctor's is on the side of the street.

常见的省略名词有:the baker\'s,the barber\'s,the carpenter\'s,the zhang\'s,etc,

表示店铺的名词一般作集体名词看待,但用作主语时,谓语动词往往用复数。例如:

richardson\'s have a lot of leather goods to sell.

5)当名词词组中心词为表示度量、距离、金额、时间、书名等复数名词时,往往可以根据意义一致的原则,把这些复数名词看作一个整体,谓语用单数形式。例如:

five minutes is enough to do this exercise.

the selected poems of li bai was published long ago.

three years has passed.

6)不定代词each,every,no所修饰的名词即使以and或逗号连接成多个并列主语,谓语动词仍用单数形式。例如:

each boy and each girl wants to serve the people in the future.

7)如果主语有more than one...或many a…构成,尽管从意义上看是复数内容,但它的谓语动词仍用单数形式。例如:

many a ship has been damaged in the storm.

more than one student has seen the film.

在“more+复数名词+than one\'’结构之后,谓语词一般用复数形式。例如:

more members than one are against your plan.

8)一些由两个部分构成的名词表示衣物或工具主语时;谓语通常用复数形式,如scissors,chopsticks,compasses,shoes,trousers,clothes,glasses等。但如果主语由“a kind of ,a pair of,a series of等加名词”构成时,谓语动词一般用单数形式。例如:

a pair of shoes was on the desk .

9)this kind of book=a book of this kind(这种书),其谓语用单数;短语this kind of men=men of this kind=these kinds of men(口语)(这一类人),但this kind of men的谓语用单数,men of this kind和these kinds of men的谓语用复数。all kinds of后跟复数名词,谓语用复数形式。例如:

men of this kind are dangerous.

this kind of men is dangerous.

10)复数形式的单、复数同形名词作主语时,按意义一致的原则,作单数意义时,谓语用单数;反之,谓语用复数。这类名词有means(方法),works(工厂),species(种类),chinese,japanese等。例如:

the (this) glass works was set up in l970. (这家玻璃厂建于1970年。)

the(these)glass works are near the railway station.(这些玻璃厂在火车站附近。)

当它们前面有a,such a,this,that修饰时,谓语用单数;有all,such,these,those修饰时,谓语用复数。但“means\",“no means\",“the means\"等词前没有以上修饰词时,可作单数,也可用作复数。

注:work作“工作”解时是不可数名词,作“著作”解时是可数名词,有单复数之分。

11)如果名词词组中心词是all,most,half,rest,part等词语,表示的是复数意义,谓语动词用复数形式;反之,用单数。例如:

all of the water is gone.

all of my classmates work hard.

12)在主谓倒装的句子中,谓语动词的数应与其后的主语一致。如:

between the two windows hangs a picture.

2.由连接词连接的名词作主语

13)用and或both...and连接并列主语,谓语动词通常用复数形式。例如:

walking and riding are good exercises.

plastics and rubber never rot.

但是,并列主语如果指的,是同一个人、同一事物或同一概念,谓语动词用:单数形式,这时,and后面的名词没有冠词。例如:

a knife and fork is on the table.

going to bed early and getting up early is a good habit.

the girl's teacher and friend is a young doctor.

truth and honesty is the best policy。

14)当主语后面跟有as well as,as much as,no less than, along with,with, like,rather than,together with,but,except,besides,including,in addition to等引导的词组时,其谓语动词的单、复数按主语的单、复数而定。例如:

the room with its furniture was rented.

the teacher as well as the students was excited.

15)以or,either...,neither...nor,not only…but also等连接的名词(代词)作主语,谓语动词的单复数应根据就近一致的原则。例如:

neither you nor i nor anybody else knows anything about it..

either you or he is to go.

tom or his brothers are waiting in the room.

3.代词作主语

16)名词型物主代词后的动词,既可以用单数,也可以用复数,这取决于它所代替的是单数还是复数。例如:

ours(our party) is a great party.

our shoes are black,mine (=my shoes) are brown.

17)such,the same起指示代词作用时,应根据其所指的内容来决定单、复数。例如:

such are his words.

such is our plan.

18)关系代词who,that,which等在定语从句中作主语时,其谓语动词的数应与句中先行词的数一致。例如:

some of the energy that is used by man comes from the sun.

those who want to go please you’re your names here.

19)疑问代词who,what, which作主语时,谓语动词可根据说话人所要表达的意思决定单复数。例如:

what produce(s)heat?

which is (are) your book(s)?

who live next door? it is zhang and liu.

who lives next door? it is xiao liu.

20)不定代词any,either,neither,none,all some,more等作主语时,有以下两种情况:

①单读用作主语时,视其在文中的意义,动词可用单数或复数形式。例如:

all are present,let's begin the meeting.

now all has been changed.

either,neither单独作主语时,谓语通常用单数。

②后接of时,若of的宾语为不可数名词,动词当然用单数形式;若of的宾语为复数名词或代词,动词可以是单数,也可以是复数;在正式文体中,单数形式的动词更常用。例如:

none of them has(have)seen the film.

do(es) any of you know his address?

4.分数、量词作主语

21)某数词单纯表示数字作主语时,其谓语动词通常用单数形式,但是当基数词表示的不是数值而是数量时,谓语动词可用复数形式。例如:

the billion is a large number.

twelve were boys.

英语中算术式作主语时,若是减法或除法算术式,谓语通常用单数形式;若是加法和乘法,谓语动词有时也可用复数形式。例如:

three times five is/are fifteen.

two and (plus) two is/are four.

twelve divided by four is three.

three taken from eight leaves five.

在提问加、减、乘、除得数时,如用how much,谓语动词多用单数形式;如用how many,谓语动词多用复数形式。例如:

how many are two times five?

how much is eight divided by two?

22)“分数或百分数+of+名词”构成短语,以及由“some,a lot of,lots of,plenty of,a(1arge)quantity of,the rest of,a heap of,heaps of+名词”构成短语时,其名词可以是可数名词或不可数名词。作主语时,采取就近一致的原则,其谓语动词要与短语中of后面的名词的数保持一致,这是因为短语中of后面的名词是中心词,而名词前面的量词是修饰语。例如:

a quantity of blouses were on sale.

a large quantity of beer was sold.

plenty of english books are on the shelf.

lots of damage was caused by fire.

three-fifths of the workers here are women.

about three-fourths of the earth\'s surface is covered with water.

23) a(great)number of,many,a few修饰可数复数名词,其短语作主语时,谓语动词用复数;a little,much,a great deal of,a large amount of修饰不可数名词,其短语作主语时,谓语动词用单数。例如:

a large amount of(a great deal of)damage was done in a very short time.

a great deal of trouble lies before us.

a number of students have gone to the countryside to help.

with the autumn harvest.

24)(large)quantities of修饰可数 复数名词或不可数名词其短语作主语时,谓语动词一般用复数。例如:

quantities of food (nuts) were on the table.

large amounts of money were spent on the bridge.

25)the number+可数复数名词,the amount of+不可数名词,the quantity of+可数复数名词或不可数名词构成的短语,作主语时,谓语动词用单数,例如:

the amount of money is great.

the quantity of heat in the office has not been increased.

the quantity of books in the library is amazing.

the number of students in our school is increasing.

26)表示数量的one and a half 后,名词要用复数形式。但是其短语作主语时,谓语动词用单数形式。例如:

one and a half bananas is left on the table.

27)half of,(a)part of修饰可数名词单数及不可数名词时,谓语动词用单数;修饰可数名词复数时,谓语动词用复数。

5.名词化的形容词作主语

28)如果主语由“the+形容词或过去分词)”结构充当时。谓语通常用复数。这类词有;the brave,the poor,the rich,the blind,the young,the old, the sick,the dead,the deaf and dumb,the oppressed,the injured, the wounded, the unemployed等;但也有少数的过去分词与定冠词连用时指个别,则用单数。例如:

the departed(死者) was a well-known engineer.

the blind study in special schools.

这类形容词或分词如果要表示个体时,就要与名词/man,person或表示人的单数连用。如:all old man,a rich person,the(a)wounded soldier

6.从句作主语

29)由what引导的主语从句,谓语动词通常用单数;所指的具体内容若是复数意义,谓语动词一般用复数形式。例如:

what we need are doctors.

what we need is more time.

30)在复数名词引导的从句结构中,关系代词的先行词是靠近它的复数名词而不是,因此,从句中的动词应该是复数形式。例如:

this is one of the most interesting questions that have been asked.

但是,当之前有等修饰时,关系代词的先行词是,而不是靠近它的复数名词,因此从句的动词应是单数形式。例如:

she was the only one of the girls who was late for the meeting.

专题训练

1.we each _____ strong points and each of us on the other hand ______ weak points.

a. have , have b. has, have

c. has , has d. have, has

2.a library with five thousand books ______ to the nation as a gift.

a. is offered b. has offered

c. are offered d. have offered

3.the police _______ determined to bring back the missing boy when his family ______ almost given up all hope.

a. is, has b. are, have

c. are, has d. is, have

4.in this institution a medal together with a prize of certain sum of money _____ gains success in science and technology every two years.

a. are given to anyone

b. is given to whoever

c. are given to who

d. is given to whom

5.you should try larry and kevin’s restaurant because _____ the best in the city.

a. theirs is b. their’s is

c. they are d. their's are

6.only one of the students who ____ present____ to speak at the meeting.

a. is, is b. are, are

c. are, is d. is, are

7.------______ the dollars a big sum of money to him? ------ i suppose _________.

a. are, to b. were, to

c. will be, to d. is , so

8.when and where to build the new factory ______ yet.

a. is not decided

b. are not decided

c. had not decided

d. have not decided

9.either tom or jane did _____ homework in the classroom.

a. their b. theirs

c. his d. her

10.reading magazines and novels _____ helpful.

a. is b. are

c. have d. has

11.in spring, many plants bloom, which ____ the world even more beautiful.

a. made b. make

c. makes d. have made

12.it's not you but mr. anderson who ___ to answer ___ the incident.

a. are, for b. were, to

c. is, for d. was, back

13.there are two books on the bookshelf. ____ of them ____ worth ______.

a. both , are, being read

b. all, are, reading

c. neither, is, being read

d. either, is, reading

14.the number of people invited ______ fifty, but a number of them ______ absent for different reasons. (ment 96)

a. were , was

b. was, was

c. was, were

d. were , were

15.i don't think the poor ______ poor.

a. are always b. has been always

c. is always d. always are

16.every means _______ tried but without much result.

a. have been b. had

c. has d. has been

17.at the meeting each man and each woman _____ praised by the manager yesterday.

a. was b. were

c. would be d. had been

18.one and a half days _____ what i need.

a. was b. is

c. are d. were

19.sixty percent of the work______ .

a. have been done

b. had been done

c. has been done

d. has done

20.____ neither you nor your brother interested in swimming?

a. are b. is

c. do d. does

21.such films ____ shown yesterday ____ not worth seeing again.

a. that was, is

b. as were, are

c. as were, is

d. those were, are

22.three fourths of the earth's surface ____ covered with water.

a. is b. are

c. was d. were

23.about 85 percent of the students ____ good, and part of them _____ interested in biology.

a. is, are b. are, are

c. are, is d. is, is

24.politics ____ now taught in all schools.

a. is b. are

c. be d. being

25.do you know what his politics _____?

a. is b. are

c. be d. being

26.the wounded ______ sent to the hospital at once.

a. were b. are

c. is d. was

27.the chinese ____ hard-working.

a. be b. being

c. is d. are

28.the united nations _____ in 1945.

a. are found

b. is found

c. was founded

d. were founded

29.our headmaster and secretary ____ kind and strict.

a. is b. be

c. are d. were

30.more than one girl _____ late for class this morning.

a. are b. is

c. was d. were

keys

01—10 dabba cdada

11—20 ccdca dabca

21—30 babab adcac

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